June 3, 2010

Zacharie Cloutier - 11th Generation Grandfather


Zacharie Cloutier (c. December 1589 or 1590 – September 17, 1677) was born in Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Mortagne-au-Perche, France. Cloutier was a French carpenter who emigrated to New France in the first wave of the Percheron Immigration, settled Beauport and started one of the foremost families in Quebec.

Cloutier was one of the nine children of Denis Cloutier and his first wife Renée Brière. The notary Mathurin Roussel of Mortagne called Cloutier the "family peacemaker," describing how Cloutier helped his father and brother solve a dispute involving inheritance. In the parish of his birth, Cloutier wedded Xainte Dupont of Feings (also known as Satine) in July of 1616. She had been born in 1596 to Paul-Michel and Perrine Dupont, and was the widow of Michel Lermusier.




In 1619 Henri II de Montmorency purchased the New France colony from his brother-in-law Henry II of Bourbon. Included amongst the laborers hired to assist Samuel de Champlain in “inhabiting, clearing, cultivating and planting” New France were the names of Zacharie and his father Denis. This group was not a group of settlers, but a group of laborers, who would return to France once their work had been completed. Several years later, however, Cloutier returned to Canada to help establish a new settlement at Beauport.

Cloutier was one of the first Frenchmen recruited by Robert Giffard de Moncel to expand the colony of New France by settling the Beauport area near Quebec City. Cloutier arrived in 1634 (at the age of 44) and either arrived with or was soon followed by his family. This was an important addition to the colony's population which numbered about 100 prior to his arrival. Cloutier worked with fellow emigre Jean Guyon du Buisson to construct Giffard's manor house (the oldest house in Canada) and other colonial buildings.


Cloutier and Guyon resisted for several years paying the fealty and homage owed to Giffard under the Seigneurial system of New France until the Governor of New France explicitly ordered them to do so. This was one of the first disputes against transplanting Old World hierarchy to the New World that would carry through the centuries even past the time of the British conquest.

In 1652 Cloutier received a grant of land from Governor Jean de Lauzon in Château-Richer. The land on which Cloutier lived in Beauport was known as La Clouterie (or La Cloutièrerie). In 1670 Nicolas Dupont de Neuville purchased this land from Cloutier. This action resulted in disagreements between Cloutier himself and his neighbor Jean Guyon and with Giffard, his seigneur. It was not until that time that the Cloutier family relocated to Château-Richer.

Zacharie Cloutier died 17 September 1677 at the age of about 87. His wife died shortly after. The couple is buried together in Château-Richer.

Together Zacharie and Xainte fathered six children, one of which died in infancy. The marriage of his daughter Anne to Robert Drouin is the oldest recorded marriage in Canada. In 1636 when her marriage contract was drawn, Anne was merely ten years of age. The religious sacrament of marriage was not performed until a year later on 12 July 1637. However, according to the contract drawn the year prior, the couple would only be allowed non-conjugal visits for the next two years.





Descendants


Zacharie Cloutier is the common ancestor of the Cloutiers of North America, some with spelling variations. By 1800, Cloutier had 10,850 French-Canadian descendants, the most of any Quebec colonist, according to marriage records studied by the Historical Demography Research Program of the Université de Montréal.

Cloutier is a common ancestor of:

  • Alanis Morissette  
  • Alexandre Cloutier  
  • Angelina Jolie  
  • Avril Lavigne  
  • Beyoncé Knowles 
  • Celine Dion  
  • Camilla the Duchess of Cornwall  
  • Chelsea Clinton  
  • Dan Cloutier  
  • Diane Tell  
  • the Dionne quintuplets  
  • Gary Cloutier  
  • George R. D. Goulet  
  • Gilles Cloutier  
  • Guy Cloutier  
  • Guylaine Cloutier  
  • Jacques Cloutier  
  • James Haven  
  • Hillary Rodham Clinton  
  • Jack Kerouac  
  • Laura de Jonge  
  • Lynda Lemay  
  • Madonna  
  • Marcheline Bertrand  
  • Réal Cloutier  
  • Robert Goulet  
  • Shania Twain  
  • Solange Knowles  
  • Suzanne Cloutier  
  • T. J. Cloutier  
  • Véronique Cloutier  
  • Wade Morissette
Excerpted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zacharie_Cloutier

3 comments:

Lori E said...

My line comes down from Jean Emard/Aymart, and his wife Marie Bineau, my 9th great grandparents. There daughter Barbe married Olivier Le Tardif.
Their other daughter, Madeleine Emard/Aymart married Pierre Zacharie Cloutier.
What a great history we share.

Janice said...

I know. It's amazing every time I search on someone in my lineage I find this fantastic information. Who knew. I only wish I had found all this before my Dad passed. He would have been so pleased.

Janice said...

From Jean Emard/Aymart and Marie Bineau we came down from their daughter Anne Emard who married Guilaume Couture then their daughter Anne Couture who married Jean-Baptiste Cote which then connects us to the Cote lineage. After that 2 generations of Cote's gets us to the Rioux's for 3 generations before we finally reconnect to our Thibault lineage. It's mind boggling.