December 29, 2010

Eighth Generation Uncles

Fabien Thibault had 14 brothers and sisters one of which was his oldest brother Hilarion.  Hilarion was born on 4 Jan 1829 in Trois-Pistoles.

Hilarion married Florence Gagné daughter of Augustin Gagné and Elisa Dandurand on 4 Feb 1855 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. Florence was born in 1836. She died on 27 Aug 1864 in St-Fabien, Rmouski. She was buried 2 on 29 Aug 1864 in St-Fabien, Rmouski.  They had six children

  1. Augustin Thibault was born on 5 Feb 1857 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. He was christened 1 on 7 Feb 1857 in St-Fabien, Rimouski.
  2. Jean Thibault
  3. Léa Thibault was born on 30 Apr 1859 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. She was christened 1 on 1 May 1859 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. Léa married 1 Pierre-Paul Dubé son of Romain Dubé and Dominique Chamberland on 30 Jun 1885 in St-Fabien, Rimouski.
  4. Napoléon Thibault was born on 24 Jun 1860 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. He was christened 1 on 25 Jun 1860 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. He died on 11 Sep 1867 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. He was buried 2 on 13 Sep 1867 in St-Fabien, Rimouski.
  5. Joseph Thibault was born on 14 Oct 1861 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. He was christened 1 on 14 Oct 1861 in St-Fabien, Rimouski Joseph married  Ernestine Coulombe daughter of Charles Coulombe and Clémentine Lebel on 20 Jul 1885 in St-Fabien, Rimouski
  6. Azilda Desneiges Thibault born on 5 Aug 1863 in St-Fabien, Rimouski

 Hilarion married his second wife Clémentine Dumont daughter of Moïse Dumont and Angèle Hamilton on 25 Sep 1865 in St-Simon, Rimouski. Clémentine was born in 1829. She died on 8 Nov 1884 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. She was buried  on 11 Nov 1884 in St-Fabien, Rimouski.  They had 8 children
  1. Marie Thibault was born on 18 Aug 1866 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. She was christened 1 on 19 Aug 1866 in St-Fabien, Rimouski.
  2. Félix Napoléon Thibault was born on 18 Jan 1868 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. He was christened 1 on 19 Jan 1868 in St-Fabien, Rimouski.
  3. Fabien Thibault was born on 5 Feb 1869 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. He was christened 1 on 7 Feb 1869 in St-Fabien, Rimouski.
  4. Virginie Rosalie Thibault
  5. Démerise Thibault
  6. Clara Thibault
  7. François-Xavier Thibault
  8. Marie-Anne Thibault

December 20, 2010

History of the Hudon-Beaulieu Name

Ancient Brittany, originally known as Armorica, was inhabited by the Celtic Tribes of Veneti, Curiovolitae and the Asismii in the 3rd century BC. The name Hudon is believed to have originated in this area of France. In the 4th century of the Roman General Maximus induced 6,000 Britons under their leader Prince Conan, son of the King of Wales and Albany, to occupy Brittany. King Conan was the most ancient Christian King in Europe.

Constatine, King of Brittany was the grandfather of the celebrated King Arthur of England. Succeeding was Prince Urbien in the 5th century. In the 6th century the Dukes of Brittany also became the Counts of Cornwall in the southwest of England. Succeeding, Budic was the King of Brittany in 851. In the 9th century the Dukes of Anjou, neighbors to the south, intermarried with the Princess of Brittany. In the 10th century, the Dukes of Brittany also intermarried with the Dukes of Normandy. Judith of Brittany married Richard II, Duke of Normandy. The name Hudon was first found in Brittany at this time, where this distinguished family was seated during this early time.

Throughout the course of history most surnames have undergone changes for many reasons. A son may spell his name differently from that of his father. But most are simple spelling changes made by priests, scribes or recorders based on the phonetic version. Many names held prefixes or suffixes which became optional as they passed through the centuries, or were adopted by different branches to signify either a political or religious adherence. Hence, we have many variations of the name Hudon, some of which are Heude, Hude, Heudon, Heudelon, Hudelon, Heudelin, Hudelin, Heudelot, Hudelot, Heudel, Hudel, Heudet, Hudet, Heudot, Hudot, Heudaut, Hudaut, Heudault, Hudault, Heudier, Hudier, but nonetheless all are included in the basic origin of the surname Hudon.

The 10th century Brittany reflected a closer relationship to the newly formed Dukedom of Normandy on their eastern borders. The Duke of Brittany married Hawise, daughter of the Duke of Normandy in 1002 AD. Popular names among the Dukes of Brittany were Alain, Geoffrey and Etienne. A dispute which arose between the Kings of England and the Kings of France for absolute rule over the area known as Brittany, this emerged as a focal conflict during the next two or three centuries. The Duke of Normandy, now King of England, claimed Brittany and Normandy. However, in 1365 Brittany renewed relations with France and was annexed to the French Crown and was reverted to a duchy.

The name Hudon is found in Brittany, where the family was established from very early in a village, in the department of Loire-Inferieure, in the district of Ancenis, in the canton of Blanquefort. Through time the members of the family became very numerous and they began settling in other regions. The family was established in Monsoreau during the first part of the 16th century. Several members became renowned; Jean Heudon, born in Paris, was a famous playwright in 1598. Another notable amongst this distinguished family was Julien Hudault, a King’s advisor and assessor of the hotel de Ville in Saumur, in 1702.

In the early 16th century France became the model for all Europe. New World exploration became a challenge to all. Along the eastern seaboard of north America there were from North to South; New France, New England, New Holland and New Spain. Jacques Cartier made the first voyage to new France in 1534. The Jesuits and Champlain came to New France in 1608, however the first true immigrant to New France was Louis Hebert and family. Champlain brought them from France in 1617.

In 1643, 109 years after the first landings by Cartier, there were only about 300 people in New France which was now being called Quebec. In 1663, the King of France finally gave land incentives for 2000 migrants during the decade. The fur trade was developed and attracted migrants, both noble and commoner from France. 15,000 explorers left Montreal in the late 17th and early 18th century, leaving French names scattered across the continent.

Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Hudon were our 8th Great Grandfather Pierre Hudon, who married Marie Gobeil in Quebec City in 1676; Jean-Baptiste Hudon, who married Marie-Catherine Dube in Riviere-Ouelle in 1746; and Louis-Charles Hudon, who married Marie-Anne Lebel in Kamouraska in 1774. Meanwhile, many of this distinguished family name Hudon were prominent in social, cultural, religious and political affairs in France and Quebec (New France).

The dit Beaulieu Extension

In France and continued in the area called New France (Quebec) it was proper and customary to add extensions to a family surname. The extension “Beaulieu” was used in a province of Anjou, France before the French Revolution. The extension Beaulieu meant “Beautiful Place”. A Historical note here about Anjou, today this area is now Anjour.

Name extensions were used to denote political affiliations, a profession, a place, or a characteristic feature of a family. In our case it was used for a place which set us apart from another or other Hudon families in the province or area. The extension name was also used on all documents such as; births, marriages and death. Many times the children used that same dit-name, but they could change it if there were several people in that family with the same extension. Pierre Hudon was the first to use the “Beaulieu” extension in the New World in approximately 1670. Our line eventually dropped the Hudon in favor of Beaulieu.
Our line runs:
Delia Beaulieu Thibault ->> Amable Beaulieu ->> Joseph Hudon-Beaulieu ->> Joseph-Francois Hudon-Beaulieu ->> *Pascal Hudon-Beaulieu ->> Joseph Hudon-Beaulieu ->> Nicholas Hudon-Beaulieu ->> Pierre Hudon-Beaulieu m. Marie Gobeil ->> Jean Hudon m. Francois Durand
*note that Pascal Hudon-Beaulieu married a Marie-Anne-Francois Hudon-Beaulieu who appears to be his 2nd cousin.  Pascal  and Marie's fathers are first cousin's and their grandfathers are brothers.  Marie was married before to Jean-Andre Plourde for about 5 years before he died in 1778.  No record of any children from her first marriage.
*Marie-Anne-Francois Hudon-Beaulieu ->> Joseph Basile Hudon-Beaulieu ->> Jean-Bernard Hudon-Beaulieu ->> Pierre Hudon-Beaulieu m. Marie Gobeil - >> Jean Hudon m. Francois Durand

December 13, 2010

More on Catherine de Ballion Our Royal Connection

Catherine de Baillon (our 9th Great Grandmother) is one of the noble women sent as Filles du Roi. She was born about 1645 in Montfort 1’Amaury (near Rambouiliet, diocese of Chartres), Île-de-France, the daughter of squire Alphonse de Bailion, Sieur de Valence et de la Mascotterie and Louise de Marie. Some believe that the family comes from Italy and is descended from Pierre de Bailion who was killed in 1356 at the Battle of Poitiers and buried in the Jacobin cemetery in this city. However, the proof is lacking, and Catherine’s first known ancestor is Mathurin Baillon, a bourgeois of Chartres, who died some time after 1490. After her father’s death, Catherine left for Canada in 1669 at about age 24, bringing with her goods worth an estimated 1,000 livres for her dowry.

On 12 November 1669, Catherine married Jacques Miville dit Deschênes in Québec City. Both spouses signed the marriage contract drawn up 19 October 1669 by notary Duquet. Jacques was born 02 May 1639 in Saint-Hilaire d’Hiers-Brouage (near Rochefort, diocese of Saintes), Saintonge, the son of Pierre Miville dit Le Suisse and Charlotte Maugis. Jacques’ father Pierre was from the canton of Fribourg in Switzerland. On 16 July 1665, Jacques Miville, his brother François (third husband of Fille du Roi Jeanne Savonnet), their father Pierre and four other “Swiss from the canton of Fribourg” were granted the Canton des Suisses Fribourgeois at La Pocatière.

Jacques was born 02 May 1639 in Saint-Hilaire d'Hiers-Brouage (near Rochefort, diocese of Saintes), Saintonge, the son of Pierre Miville dit Le Suisse and Charlotte Maugis. Jacques' father Pierre was from the canton of Fribourg in Switzerland.  He arrived in New France in around 1649 with his parents and siblings.

Catherine and Jacques settled at Rivière Ouelle and had six children. Marie-Catherine was baptized 03 September 1670 at Québec City, followed by Charles (08 September 1671) and Jean (06 September 1672). Fille du Roi Madeleine De Roybon d’Allone served as Jean’s godmother. Daughter Marie was born at Saint-Jean-Port-Joli 30 March 1675, but was not baptized until 23 July of the same year at Québec City. She died before the 1681 census. Son Charles was the first of their children to be born at Rivière Ouelle, though he was baptized at Québec City 01 September 1677. He was followed by Claude-Marie (aka Marie-Claude), who was born at Rivière Ouelle, though baptized at l’Islet 20 November 1681.

On 25 October 1673, Catherine’s mother was settling the estate of her late husband (she had since married and been widowed by Marc d’Amanzay). Among other donations and distributions, Louise de Marle gave Catherine 600 livres for all the rights that she might claim in the inheritance, half to be paid at Louise’s death and the other half six months later. In the act of donation, it was noted that Catherine had already received “considerable sums,” most likely referring to her dowry.

Both Jacques Miville dit Deschênes and Catherine De Baillon died 27 January 1688. Jacques was buried the same day at Rivière Ouelle and Catherine followed her husband to the grave three days later. They may have both been victims of the smallpox epidemic that stuck Québec in 1687.

Both of our great grandparents Delia and Magloire were directly related to Catherine de Baillon and Jacques Miville Deschenes

The relationship:

Maglore Thibault -> Emilie Gendron -> Adelaide Morin -> Madeleine-Perpetue Ouelette -> Genevieve Labourlier-Laplante -> Marie-Josephte Miville-Deschenes -> Pierre-Francois Miville-Deschenes -> Jean Miville-Deschenes -> Jacques Miville-Deschenes & Catherine de Baillon

Delia Victoria Beaulieu(Thibault) -> Georgina Beaupre -> Pierre Martial Beaupre -> Pierre Beaupre -> Therese Berube -> Joseph Berube -> Marie Angelique Miville-Deschenes(Pierre-Francois' sister) -> Jean Miville-Deschenes -> Jacques Miville-Deschenes & Catherine de Baillon

December 9, 2010

Antoine Roy dit Desjardins - A story of a Soldier & a Filles du roi

The story that follows is that of a soldier, Antoine Roy dit Desjardins (our 9th Great Grandfather) whose many wrongdoings and violent death transformed the adventure of one of les Filles du roi into a tragedy.

Antoine Roy was the son of master cooper, Olivier Roy and Catherine Baudard. His godparents were Antoine Baudard and Marie Collard. Around 1657, at the age of 22, the young Antoine married Catherine Byot. He was already working as a cooper like his father. Two children were born of this marriage and both were baptized at Saint Jean in Joigny, France:

1. Jacques Roy was presented at the baptismal font on 5 November 1658 by Jacques Perdigon and Marie Chacheré

2. Edme Roy was held over the same baptismal font on 13 March 1660 by Edme Nau and Marie Bourotte

At the time of the first baptism, Antoine's parents were both still living. However, his mother died a year later and was buried at Joigny on 10 December 1659. His father died a year and a half after the second baptism and was also buried at Joigny on 6 December 1661. The funerals of both parents were at Saint Jean, the church attended by both parents while they lived.

A few years after the death of his parents, Antoine left for New France. His wife and two children perhaps were also dead or perhaps he walked out on them*.   During this period of time, the French were experiencing difficulties on the North American continent. Not only were they submitted to murderous raids from the Iroquois since 1658 but they were also the only Europeans left who challenged the English for the East Coast of North America. In 1655, the Dutch had seized New Sweden, founded in Delaware in 1635, but in 1664 they had ceded New Holland, established in 1623 in the current state of New York, to the English. To defeat the Iroquois and contain the English, King Louis XIV decided to send an infantry regiment to New France. This regiment was composed of 1200 men under the command of Colonel Carignan-Salières. It is within this army troop that Antoine found his way to Canada, as a simple soldier in the company commanded by Captain Froment.

This young soldier with the military surname of Desjardins left the port of La Rochelle on 19 April 1665 on board the sail ship Le Vieux Siméon. Two months later on 19 June 1665, he landed on the quays of the City of Quebec. He was part of the advance party for the regiment expedited by the king that included the four companies under captains Chambly, Froment, La Tour, and Petit. While waiting the arrival of the remaining companies of the regiment, which numbered twenty in all, the freshly disembarked troops left Quebec on 23 July 1665 for the foot of the rapids on the Richelieu River near Montreal. There with the other soldiers that made up the advance party, Antoine Roy helped construct a wooden fort named Fort Saint Louis. Two other forts were also raised in the region, facing the English and their allies the Iroquois -- Fort Richelieu and Fort Sainte Thérèse. After the arrival of the rest of the troops, the 24 companies of the regiment were posted to several locations in Canada. Eight companies were garrisoned in Quebec, one at Sainte Famille on l'Ile d'Orleans, three at Trois Rivières, five at Montreal, two at Fort Saint Louis, two at Fort Richelieu, and three at Fort Sainte Thérèse. The company to which Antoine Roy belonged was posted to Trois Rivières, where it remained for two years from the fall of 1665 to the summer of 1667.

As soon as peace between the French and Iroquois was settled on 8 July 1667 at Quebec City, the Carignan-Salières Regiment was recalled to France. Its presence in North America was no longer required since the Iroquois had been pacified and the Algonquins were allies. Both Indian nations formed a protective barrier between the French colony in Canada and the various English establishments further south. On 28 August 1667, the expeditionary force left the port of Quebec on board the Saint Sébastien bound for France. Of the 1200 soldiers who had come in 1665 to fight the Iroquois, only 550 returned to their native country. 250 had died during the French Indian wars, and 400 others decided to remain in Canada. Antoine was among those that remained along the Saint Lawrence River.

At the end of the month of August, 1668, the cooper Antoine Roy dit Desjardins leaves Batiscan to go to Québec where several dozen Filles du roi awaited. This ex-soldier of the Carignan regiment chose Marie Major. About thirty years old and orphaned of her mother and father, the young woman is originally from Saint-Thomas-de-Touques in Normandy. Her dowry is made up of goods valued at 300 livres.

Their marriage is celebrated on September 11 1669, in Québec, in the presence of several witnesses. The couple then takes the road for Batiscan where Antoine Roy had already obtained a first piece of land in 1667. Pierre, their only child, was born in the summer of 1669.

Even though two other pieces of land were later granted to him, this settler was not a model ground clearer. The census of 1681 specifies that only five arpents of the land that he possessed had been brought to use and that the total of his livestock was made up of a couple of horned beasts.

The Roys dit Desjardins are poor. Their meagre possessions are soon mortgaged. Not knowing how to manage his affairs correctly, he began acquiring debt in 1674 that finally pushed his creditors to take him to court at Trois Rivières in 1682. Pressed by his lenders, totally unable to honor his debts, Antoine fled his household in June 1683 to live alone at Julien Talua's household in Lachine on the Isle of Montreal. There he pursued his career as a master cooper. Found by Michel Lecourt, his principal lender, he was again dragged before the court, this time in Montreal in May 1684 where he was thrown in jail until June 15th. Two weeks later, on June 30th, he again spent the day in jail. On 1 July 1684 he accepted the terms offered by Michel Lecourt to settle his outstanding debts of several years.

This was a short-lived respite. On 10 July, around six in the morning, Julien Talua surprised Antoine in flagrant adultery, lying in bed with his wife, Anne Godeby. The duped husband revolted by the sight did not hesitate to kill his lodger right then and there. Thus ended the pitiful life of Antoine, a cooper originally from Joigny who had come to Canada to rebuild his life. The foolhardy lover of Anne Godeby was 49 years old when he was expedited violently to the kingdom of the dead.

Marie Major will, in her turn, be prosecuted by the creditors who will obtain the seizure of all the property acquired during her marriage. She died in the Hôtel Dieu de Québec on December 8, 1689, leaving behind a son whose descendants live today.

*Neither in the religious marriage entry nor in the contract signed a week earlier on 6 September 1668, was any mention made that Antoine was previously married to a deceased woman named Catherine Byot.  One can only wonder with good reason at this serious omission. The parish registers of the three churches of Joigny do not show a death entry for Catherine Byot. Did she die elsewhere? Was she abandoned by her husband in Joigny or elsewhere? Whatever the reason, Antoine did not judge it relevant to mention to either the notary or the pastor of Quebec that he had been previously married. Either his first wife was still living or he was incapable of rapidly producing a death certificate. In light of his pitiful demise, one cannot reject the theory that Antoine might have simply abandoned his first wife as a way out of difficulties in France.
Us -> Joseph John Thibault -> Joseph John Thibault -> Magloire Thibault -> Emilie Gendron -> Adelaide Morin -> Madeline-Perpetue Ouelette -> Joseph Ouelette -> Marie Josephe Tardiff -> Geneviève Roy-Desjardins -> Pierre Roy-Desjardins -> Antoine Roy dit Desjardins and Marie Majors

Julien Talua was charged with murder and was supposed to be hanged but for some reason he was released and ordered to stay within a mile of Lachine but soon disappeared.  He is believed to have fled back to France.  Julien's wife was banished from Montreal not to return under penalty of flogging.  She lived the remainder of her life in Quebec.

December 6, 2010

Our Acadian Ancestors

Michel Boudrot was born about 1600 in Cougnes, de La Rochelle, France, arriving in Acadia before 1639. The 1671 census for Port-royal, he was a laborer and was also a civil and criminal lieutenant general (judge) according to the 1686 census. He married Michelle Aucoin  who gave him eleven children. Their daughter Marguerite  married Francois Bourg in 1665.  Marguerite & Francois' daughter Anne-Jeanne  married Charles Melanson in 1700.  Anne-Jeanne was 16.  They gave birth to a daughter Marie who married Charles Godin Boisjoli/Bellefontaine in 1733.  Their daughter Anne married Jean-Baptiste Chaloux Chalou in 1765.  They had a daughter Marie-Josephe who married Pierre Sirois at the age of 14.  Marie and Pierre had a daughter Marie-Josepthe who married Vincent Rioux.  Marie and Vincent had 18 children; including daughters Felicite and Basillisse.  Felicite is great great grandmother of Madonna and Basillisse is our great great great grandmother.  And there our maternal line to Mothers of Acadia ends. 

Who are the Mothers of Acadia.  These are women who came from France and settled in the Acadian region of Canada and whose decendants were subjected to the Le Grand DérangementAll indications of my records show that our decendants were not part of this deportion although they eventually came to the United States.

UPDATE:  The Godin Bellefontaine's were indeed involved in the deportation.

December 1, 2010

Joachim Thibault de Courville

Joachim Thibault de Courville (died 1581) was a French composer, singer, lutenist, and player of the lyre, of the late Renaissance. He was a close associate of poet Jean Antoine de Baïf, and with Baïf was the co-founder of the Académie de Poésie et de Musique, which attempted to re-create the storied ethical and moral effect of ancient Greek music through a type of vocal musical composition known as musique mesurée.

Very little is known of Courville's life prior to his association with Baïf. Sometime in the mid 1560s Courville made the acquaintance of the famous poet, who was so impressed with his playing and singing that he called him "the master of the art of singing well." During this period Courville was employed as official lyre-player to King Charles IX. In 1567 Courville began to collaborate with Baïf on the composition of vers mesurés, verses written mostly by Baïf in which the French words were given long-short syllabic treatment in imitation of the supposed method used in Ancient Greek dramatic poetry; Courville set them to music. In 1570 the two, with the backing of the king, founded the Académie de Poésie et de Musique, inviting a few other professional musicians and aristocratic patrons; however they maintained a high level of secrecy in their undertaking, which was intended to reform not only music, but mankind. Baïf and Courville, reading accounts of the ethical and moral effects of such dramatic poetry in Ancient Greece, believed that hearers of their new musique mesurée, could be moved to become virtuous. The members of the Académie planned to perform their music widely once they had perfected their method.

The Académie disbanded after several years, probably under the stress of the religious violence which tore France apart during the last third of the 16th century, for both Protestants and Catholics were members, and King Henri III (who assumed the throne on the death of Charles IX in 1574) wanted to change the character of the Académie from a musical to a philosophical institution. By the 1580s the style Courville had developed was being used for setting of highly secular, sometimes sacrilegious, and occasionally erotic verse, something which was probably not his original intent.

No music by Courville has directly survived: he maintained secrecy as ordered by the Académie, and published none of his own music. However some of the chansons published by others, for example Fabrice Caietain and Claude Le Jeune, are presumed to contain either passages by Courville or stylistic copies. Courville died in 1581 in Paris.

Courville's lyre was a unique instrument, consisting of eleven strings, and often being played with a bow. It was modeled after a supposed Ancient Greek instrument.