December 29, 2010

Eighth Generation Uncles

Fabien Thibault had 14 brothers and sisters one of which was his oldest brother Hilarion.  Hilarion was born on 4 Jan 1829 in Trois-Pistoles.

Hilarion married Florence Gagné daughter of Augustin Gagné and Elisa Dandurand on 4 Feb 1855 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. Florence was born in 1836. She died on 27 Aug 1864 in St-Fabien, Rmouski. She was buried 2 on 29 Aug 1864 in St-Fabien, Rmouski.  They had six children

  1. Augustin Thibault was born on 5 Feb 1857 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. He was christened 1 on 7 Feb 1857 in St-Fabien, Rimouski.
  2. Jean Thibault
  3. Léa Thibault was born on 30 Apr 1859 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. She was christened 1 on 1 May 1859 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. Léa married 1 Pierre-Paul Dubé son of Romain Dubé and Dominique Chamberland on 30 Jun 1885 in St-Fabien, Rimouski.
  4. Napoléon Thibault was born on 24 Jun 1860 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. He was christened 1 on 25 Jun 1860 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. He died on 11 Sep 1867 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. He was buried 2 on 13 Sep 1867 in St-Fabien, Rimouski.
  5. Joseph Thibault was born on 14 Oct 1861 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. He was christened 1 on 14 Oct 1861 in St-Fabien, Rimouski Joseph married  Ernestine Coulombe daughter of Charles Coulombe and Clémentine Lebel on 20 Jul 1885 in St-Fabien, Rimouski
  6. Azilda Desneiges Thibault born on 5 Aug 1863 in St-Fabien, Rimouski

 Hilarion married his second wife Clémentine Dumont daughter of Moïse Dumont and Angèle Hamilton on 25 Sep 1865 in St-Simon, Rimouski. Clémentine was born in 1829. She died on 8 Nov 1884 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. She was buried  on 11 Nov 1884 in St-Fabien, Rimouski.  They had 8 children
  1. Marie Thibault was born on 18 Aug 1866 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. She was christened 1 on 19 Aug 1866 in St-Fabien, Rimouski.
  2. Félix Napoléon Thibault was born on 18 Jan 1868 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. He was christened 1 on 19 Jan 1868 in St-Fabien, Rimouski.
  3. Fabien Thibault was born on 5 Feb 1869 in St-Fabien, Rimouski. He was christened 1 on 7 Feb 1869 in St-Fabien, Rimouski.
  4. Virginie Rosalie Thibault
  5. Démerise Thibault
  6. Clara Thibault
  7. François-Xavier Thibault
  8. Marie-Anne Thibault

December 20, 2010

History of the Hudon-Beaulieu Name

Ancient Brittany, originally known as Armorica, was inhabited by the Celtic Tribes of Veneti, Curiovolitae and the Asismii in the 3rd century BC. The name Hudon is believed to have originated in this area of France. In the 4th century of the Roman General Maximus induced 6,000 Britons under their leader Prince Conan, son of the King of Wales and Albany, to occupy Brittany. King Conan was the most ancient Christian King in Europe.

Constatine, King of Brittany was the grandfather of the celebrated King Arthur of England. Succeeding was Prince Urbien in the 5th century. In the 6th century the Dukes of Brittany also became the Counts of Cornwall in the southwest of England. Succeeding, Budic was the King of Brittany in 851. In the 9th century the Dukes of Anjou, neighbors to the south, intermarried with the Princess of Brittany. In the 10th century, the Dukes of Brittany also intermarried with the Dukes of Normandy. Judith of Brittany married Richard II, Duke of Normandy. The name Hudon was first found in Brittany at this time, where this distinguished family was seated during this early time.

Throughout the course of history most surnames have undergone changes for many reasons. A son may spell his name differently from that of his father. But most are simple spelling changes made by priests, scribes or recorders based on the phonetic version. Many names held prefixes or suffixes which became optional as they passed through the centuries, or were adopted by different branches to signify either a political or religious adherence. Hence, we have many variations of the name Hudon, some of which are Heude, Hude, Heudon, Heudelon, Hudelon, Heudelin, Hudelin, Heudelot, Hudelot, Heudel, Hudel, Heudet, Hudet, Heudot, Hudot, Heudaut, Hudaut, Heudault, Hudault, Heudier, Hudier, but nonetheless all are included in the basic origin of the surname Hudon.

The 10th century Brittany reflected a closer relationship to the newly formed Dukedom of Normandy on their eastern borders. The Duke of Brittany married Hawise, daughter of the Duke of Normandy in 1002 AD. Popular names among the Dukes of Brittany were Alain, Geoffrey and Etienne. A dispute which arose between the Kings of England and the Kings of France for absolute rule over the area known as Brittany, this emerged as a focal conflict during the next two or three centuries. The Duke of Normandy, now King of England, claimed Brittany and Normandy. However, in 1365 Brittany renewed relations with France and was annexed to the French Crown and was reverted to a duchy.

The name Hudon is found in Brittany, where the family was established from very early in a village, in the department of Loire-Inferieure, in the district of Ancenis, in the canton of Blanquefort. Through time the members of the family became very numerous and they began settling in other regions. The family was established in Monsoreau during the first part of the 16th century. Several members became renowned; Jean Heudon, born in Paris, was a famous playwright in 1598. Another notable amongst this distinguished family was Julien Hudault, a King’s advisor and assessor of the hotel de Ville in Saumur, in 1702.

In the early 16th century France became the model for all Europe. New World exploration became a challenge to all. Along the eastern seaboard of north America there were from North to South; New France, New England, New Holland and New Spain. Jacques Cartier made the first voyage to new France in 1534. The Jesuits and Champlain came to New France in 1608, however the first true immigrant to New France was Louis Hebert and family. Champlain brought them from France in 1617.

In 1643, 109 years after the first landings by Cartier, there were only about 300 people in New France which was now being called Quebec. In 1663, the King of France finally gave land incentives for 2000 migrants during the decade. The fur trade was developed and attracted migrants, both noble and commoner from France. 15,000 explorers left Montreal in the late 17th and early 18th century, leaving French names scattered across the continent.

Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Hudon were our 8th Great Grandfather Pierre Hudon, who married Marie Gobeil in Quebec City in 1676; Jean-Baptiste Hudon, who married Marie-Catherine Dube in Riviere-Ouelle in 1746; and Louis-Charles Hudon, who married Marie-Anne Lebel in Kamouraska in 1774. Meanwhile, many of this distinguished family name Hudon were prominent in social, cultural, religious and political affairs in France and Quebec (New France).

The dit Beaulieu Extension

In France and continued in the area called New France (Quebec) it was proper and customary to add extensions to a family surname. The extension “Beaulieu” was used in a province of Anjou, France before the French Revolution. The extension Beaulieu meant “Beautiful Place”. A Historical note here about Anjou, today this area is now Anjour.

Name extensions were used to denote political affiliations, a profession, a place, or a characteristic feature of a family. In our case it was used for a place which set us apart from another or other Hudon families in the province or area. The extension name was also used on all documents such as; births, marriages and death. Many times the children used that same dit-name, but they could change it if there were several people in that family with the same extension. Pierre Hudon was the first to use the “Beaulieu” extension in the New World in approximately 1670. Our line eventually dropped the Hudon in favor of Beaulieu.
Our line runs:
Delia Beaulieu Thibault ->> Amable Beaulieu ->> Joseph Hudon-Beaulieu ->> Joseph-Francois Hudon-Beaulieu ->> *Pascal Hudon-Beaulieu ->> Joseph Hudon-Beaulieu ->> Nicholas Hudon-Beaulieu ->> Pierre Hudon-Beaulieu m. Marie Gobeil ->> Jean Hudon m. Francois Durand
*note that Pascal Hudon-Beaulieu married a Marie-Anne-Francois Hudon-Beaulieu who appears to be his 2nd cousin.  Pascal  and Marie's fathers are first cousin's and their grandfathers are brothers.  Marie was married before to Jean-Andre Plourde for about 5 years before he died in 1778.  No record of any children from her first marriage.
*Marie-Anne-Francois Hudon-Beaulieu ->> Joseph Basile Hudon-Beaulieu ->> Jean-Bernard Hudon-Beaulieu ->> Pierre Hudon-Beaulieu m. Marie Gobeil - >> Jean Hudon m. Francois Durand

December 13, 2010

More on Catherine de Ballion Our Royal Connection

Catherine de Baillon (our 9th Great Grandmother) is one of the noble women sent as Filles du Roi. She was born about 1645 in Montfort 1’Amaury (near Rambouiliet, diocese of Chartres), Île-de-France, the daughter of squire Alphonse de Bailion, Sieur de Valence et de la Mascotterie and Louise de Marie. Some believe that the family comes from Italy and is descended from Pierre de Bailion who was killed in 1356 at the Battle of Poitiers and buried in the Jacobin cemetery in this city. However, the proof is lacking, and Catherine’s first known ancestor is Mathurin Baillon, a bourgeois of Chartres, who died some time after 1490. After her father’s death, Catherine left for Canada in 1669 at about age 24, bringing with her goods worth an estimated 1,000 livres for her dowry.

On 12 November 1669, Catherine married Jacques Miville dit Deschênes in Québec City. Both spouses signed the marriage contract drawn up 19 October 1669 by notary Duquet. Jacques was born 02 May 1639 in Saint-Hilaire d’Hiers-Brouage (near Rochefort, diocese of Saintes), Saintonge, the son of Pierre Miville dit Le Suisse and Charlotte Maugis. Jacques’ father Pierre was from the canton of Fribourg in Switzerland. On 16 July 1665, Jacques Miville, his brother François (third husband of Fille du Roi Jeanne Savonnet), their father Pierre and four other “Swiss from the canton of Fribourg” were granted the Canton des Suisses Fribourgeois at La Pocatière.

Jacques was born 02 May 1639 in Saint-Hilaire d'Hiers-Brouage (near Rochefort, diocese of Saintes), Saintonge, the son of Pierre Miville dit Le Suisse and Charlotte Maugis. Jacques' father Pierre was from the canton of Fribourg in Switzerland.  He arrived in New France in around 1649 with his parents and siblings.

Catherine and Jacques settled at Rivière Ouelle and had six children. Marie-Catherine was baptized 03 September 1670 at Québec City, followed by Charles (08 September 1671) and Jean (06 September 1672). Fille du Roi Madeleine De Roybon d’Allone served as Jean’s godmother. Daughter Marie was born at Saint-Jean-Port-Joli 30 March 1675, but was not baptized until 23 July of the same year at Québec City. She died before the 1681 census. Son Charles was the first of their children to be born at Rivière Ouelle, though he was baptized at Québec City 01 September 1677. He was followed by Claude-Marie (aka Marie-Claude), who was born at Rivière Ouelle, though baptized at l’Islet 20 November 1681.

On 25 October 1673, Catherine’s mother was settling the estate of her late husband (she had since married and been widowed by Marc d’Amanzay). Among other donations and distributions, Louise de Marle gave Catherine 600 livres for all the rights that she might claim in the inheritance, half to be paid at Louise’s death and the other half six months later. In the act of donation, it was noted that Catherine had already received “considerable sums,” most likely referring to her dowry.

Both Jacques Miville dit Deschênes and Catherine De Baillon died 27 January 1688. Jacques was buried the same day at Rivière Ouelle and Catherine followed her husband to the grave three days later. They may have both been victims of the smallpox epidemic that stuck Québec in 1687.

Both of our great grandparents Delia and Magloire were directly related to Catherine de Baillon and Jacques Miville Deschenes

The relationship:

Maglore Thibault -> Emilie Gendron -> Adelaide Morin -> Madeleine-Perpetue Ouelette -> Genevieve Labourlier-Laplante -> Marie-Josephte Miville-Deschenes -> Pierre-Francois Miville-Deschenes -> Jean Miville-Deschenes -> Jacques Miville-Deschenes & Catherine de Baillon

Delia Victoria Beaulieu(Thibault) -> Georgina Beaupre -> Pierre Martial Beaupre -> Pierre Beaupre -> Therese Berube -> Joseph Berube -> Marie Angelique Miville-Deschenes(Pierre-Francois' sister) -> Jean Miville-Deschenes -> Jacques Miville-Deschenes & Catherine de Baillon

December 9, 2010

Antoine Roy dit Desjardins - A story of a Soldier & a Filles du roi

The story that follows is that of a soldier, Antoine Roy dit Desjardins (our 9th Great Grandfather) whose many wrongdoings and violent death transformed the adventure of one of les Filles du roi into a tragedy.

Antoine Roy was the son of master cooper, Olivier Roy and Catherine Baudard. His godparents were Antoine Baudard and Marie Collard. Around 1657, at the age of 22, the young Antoine married Catherine Byot. He was already working as a cooper like his father. Two children were born of this marriage and both were baptized at Saint Jean in Joigny, France:

1. Jacques Roy was presented at the baptismal font on 5 November 1658 by Jacques Perdigon and Marie Chacheré

2. Edme Roy was held over the same baptismal font on 13 March 1660 by Edme Nau and Marie Bourotte

At the time of the first baptism, Antoine's parents were both still living. However, his mother died a year later and was buried at Joigny on 10 December 1659. His father died a year and a half after the second baptism and was also buried at Joigny on 6 December 1661. The funerals of both parents were at Saint Jean, the church attended by both parents while they lived.

A few years after the death of his parents, Antoine left for New France. His wife and two children perhaps were also dead or perhaps he walked out on them*.   During this period of time, the French were experiencing difficulties on the North American continent. Not only were they submitted to murderous raids from the Iroquois since 1658 but they were also the only Europeans left who challenged the English for the East Coast of North America. In 1655, the Dutch had seized New Sweden, founded in Delaware in 1635, but in 1664 they had ceded New Holland, established in 1623 in the current state of New York, to the English. To defeat the Iroquois and contain the English, King Louis XIV decided to send an infantry regiment to New France. This regiment was composed of 1200 men under the command of Colonel Carignan-Salières. It is within this army troop that Antoine found his way to Canada, as a simple soldier in the company commanded by Captain Froment.

This young soldier with the military surname of Desjardins left the port of La Rochelle on 19 April 1665 on board the sail ship Le Vieux Siméon. Two months later on 19 June 1665, he landed on the quays of the City of Quebec. He was part of the advance party for the regiment expedited by the king that included the four companies under captains Chambly, Froment, La Tour, and Petit. While waiting the arrival of the remaining companies of the regiment, which numbered twenty in all, the freshly disembarked troops left Quebec on 23 July 1665 for the foot of the rapids on the Richelieu River near Montreal. There with the other soldiers that made up the advance party, Antoine Roy helped construct a wooden fort named Fort Saint Louis. Two other forts were also raised in the region, facing the English and their allies the Iroquois -- Fort Richelieu and Fort Sainte Thérèse. After the arrival of the rest of the troops, the 24 companies of the regiment were posted to several locations in Canada. Eight companies were garrisoned in Quebec, one at Sainte Famille on l'Ile d'Orleans, three at Trois Rivières, five at Montreal, two at Fort Saint Louis, two at Fort Richelieu, and three at Fort Sainte Thérèse. The company to which Antoine Roy belonged was posted to Trois Rivières, where it remained for two years from the fall of 1665 to the summer of 1667.

As soon as peace between the French and Iroquois was settled on 8 July 1667 at Quebec City, the Carignan-Salières Regiment was recalled to France. Its presence in North America was no longer required since the Iroquois had been pacified and the Algonquins were allies. Both Indian nations formed a protective barrier between the French colony in Canada and the various English establishments further south. On 28 August 1667, the expeditionary force left the port of Quebec on board the Saint Sébastien bound for France. Of the 1200 soldiers who had come in 1665 to fight the Iroquois, only 550 returned to their native country. 250 had died during the French Indian wars, and 400 others decided to remain in Canada. Antoine was among those that remained along the Saint Lawrence River.

At the end of the month of August, 1668, the cooper Antoine Roy dit Desjardins leaves Batiscan to go to Québec where several dozen Filles du roi awaited. This ex-soldier of the Carignan regiment chose Marie Major. About thirty years old and orphaned of her mother and father, the young woman is originally from Saint-Thomas-de-Touques in Normandy. Her dowry is made up of goods valued at 300 livres.

Their marriage is celebrated on September 11 1669, in Québec, in the presence of several witnesses. The couple then takes the road for Batiscan where Antoine Roy had already obtained a first piece of land in 1667. Pierre, their only child, was born in the summer of 1669.

Even though two other pieces of land were later granted to him, this settler was not a model ground clearer. The census of 1681 specifies that only five arpents of the land that he possessed had been brought to use and that the total of his livestock was made up of a couple of horned beasts.

The Roys dit Desjardins are poor. Their meagre possessions are soon mortgaged. Not knowing how to manage his affairs correctly, he began acquiring debt in 1674 that finally pushed his creditors to take him to court at Trois Rivières in 1682. Pressed by his lenders, totally unable to honor his debts, Antoine fled his household in June 1683 to live alone at Julien Talua's household in Lachine on the Isle of Montreal. There he pursued his career as a master cooper. Found by Michel Lecourt, his principal lender, he was again dragged before the court, this time in Montreal in May 1684 where he was thrown in jail until June 15th. Two weeks later, on June 30th, he again spent the day in jail. On 1 July 1684 he accepted the terms offered by Michel Lecourt to settle his outstanding debts of several years.

This was a short-lived respite. On 10 July, around six in the morning, Julien Talua surprised Antoine in flagrant adultery, lying in bed with his wife, Anne Godeby. The duped husband revolted by the sight did not hesitate to kill his lodger right then and there. Thus ended the pitiful life of Antoine, a cooper originally from Joigny who had come to Canada to rebuild his life. The foolhardy lover of Anne Godeby was 49 years old when he was expedited violently to the kingdom of the dead.

Marie Major will, in her turn, be prosecuted by the creditors who will obtain the seizure of all the property acquired during her marriage. She died in the Hôtel Dieu de Québec on December 8, 1689, leaving behind a son whose descendants live today.

*Neither in the religious marriage entry nor in the contract signed a week earlier on 6 September 1668, was any mention made that Antoine was previously married to a deceased woman named Catherine Byot.  One can only wonder with good reason at this serious omission. The parish registers of the three churches of Joigny do not show a death entry for Catherine Byot. Did she die elsewhere? Was she abandoned by her husband in Joigny or elsewhere? Whatever the reason, Antoine did not judge it relevant to mention to either the notary or the pastor of Quebec that he had been previously married. Either his first wife was still living or he was incapable of rapidly producing a death certificate. In light of his pitiful demise, one cannot reject the theory that Antoine might have simply abandoned his first wife as a way out of difficulties in France.
Us -> Joseph John Thibault -> Joseph John Thibault -> Magloire Thibault -> Emilie Gendron -> Adelaide Morin -> Madeline-Perpetue Ouelette -> Joseph Ouelette -> Marie Josephe Tardiff -> Geneviève Roy-Desjardins -> Pierre Roy-Desjardins -> Antoine Roy dit Desjardins and Marie Majors

Julien Talua was charged with murder and was supposed to be hanged but for some reason he was released and ordered to stay within a mile of Lachine but soon disappeared.  He is believed to have fled back to France.  Julien's wife was banished from Montreal not to return under penalty of flogging.  She lived the remainder of her life in Quebec.

December 6, 2010

Our Acadian Ancestors

Michel Boudrot was born about 1600 in Cougnes, de La Rochelle, France, arriving in Acadia before 1639. The 1671 census for Port-royal, he was a laborer and was also a civil and criminal lieutenant general (judge) according to the 1686 census. He married Michelle Aucoin  who gave him eleven children. Their daughter Marguerite  married Francois Bourg in 1665.  Marguerite & Francois' daughter Anne-Jeanne  married Charles Melanson in 1700.  Anne-Jeanne was 16.  They gave birth to a daughter Marie who married Charles Godin Boisjoli/Bellefontaine in 1733.  Their daughter Anne married Jean-Baptiste Chaloux Chalou in 1765.  They had a daughter Marie-Josephe who married Pierre Sirois at the age of 14.  Marie and Pierre had a daughter Marie-Josepthe who married Vincent Rioux.  Marie and Vincent had 18 children; including daughters Felicite and Basillisse.  Felicite is great great grandmother of Madonna and Basillisse is our great great great grandmother.  And there our maternal line to Mothers of Acadia ends. 

Who are the Mothers of Acadia.  These are women who came from France and settled in the Acadian region of Canada and whose decendants were subjected to the Le Grand DérangementAll indications of my records show that our decendants were not part of this deportion although they eventually came to the United States.

UPDATE:  The Godin Bellefontaine's were indeed involved in the deportation.

December 1, 2010

Joachim Thibault de Courville

Joachim Thibault de Courville (died 1581) was a French composer, singer, lutenist, and player of the lyre, of the late Renaissance. He was a close associate of poet Jean Antoine de Baïf, and with Baïf was the co-founder of the Académie de Poésie et de Musique, which attempted to re-create the storied ethical and moral effect of ancient Greek music through a type of vocal musical composition known as musique mesurée.

Very little is known of Courville's life prior to his association with Baïf. Sometime in the mid 1560s Courville made the acquaintance of the famous poet, who was so impressed with his playing and singing that he called him "the master of the art of singing well." During this period Courville was employed as official lyre-player to King Charles IX. In 1567 Courville began to collaborate with Baïf on the composition of vers mesurés, verses written mostly by Baïf in which the French words were given long-short syllabic treatment in imitation of the supposed method used in Ancient Greek dramatic poetry; Courville set them to music. In 1570 the two, with the backing of the king, founded the Académie de Poésie et de Musique, inviting a few other professional musicians and aristocratic patrons; however they maintained a high level of secrecy in their undertaking, which was intended to reform not only music, but mankind. Baïf and Courville, reading accounts of the ethical and moral effects of such dramatic poetry in Ancient Greece, believed that hearers of their new musique mesurée, could be moved to become virtuous. The members of the Académie planned to perform their music widely once they had perfected their method.

The Académie disbanded after several years, probably under the stress of the religious violence which tore France apart during the last third of the 16th century, for both Protestants and Catholics were members, and King Henri III (who assumed the throne on the death of Charles IX in 1574) wanted to change the character of the Académie from a musical to a philosophical institution. By the 1580s the style Courville had developed was being used for setting of highly secular, sometimes sacrilegious, and occasionally erotic verse, something which was probably not his original intent.

No music by Courville has directly survived: he maintained secrecy as ordered by the Académie, and published none of his own music. However some of the chansons published by others, for example Fabrice Caietain and Claude Le Jeune, are presumed to contain either passages by Courville or stylistic copies. Courville died in 1581 in Paris.

Courville's lyre was a unique instrument, consisting of eleven strings, and often being played with a bow. It was modeled after a supposed Ancient Greek instrument.

November 24, 2010

Fr. Jean-Baptiste Thibault

Jean-Baptiste Thibault (14 December 1810 – 4 April 1879) son of Jean-Baptiste Thibault and Charlotte Carrier; d. 4 April 1879 at Saint-Denis-de-la-Bouteillerie (Kamouraska County), Quebec was a Roman Catholic priest and missionary noted for his role in negotiating on behalf of the Government of Canada during the Red River Rebellion of 1869 – 1870. He also established the first Roman Catholic mission in what would become Alberta, at Lac Sainte Anne in 1842.  Jean-Baptiste was a decendant of Francois Thibault and Elisabeth Levebvre. 

Jean-Baptiste Thibault, a farmer’s son, received his classical and theological education at the seminary of Quebec, where on 31 March 1833 he was admitted into the subdiaconate. On 28 April he set out for the North-West. Contrary to several of his predecessors, he had no debt to pay before his departure. Yet the Thibault family was scarcely well-to-do, if the sums of money that the bishopric subsequently sent rather often to his father are an indication.

During the voyage, the missionary was frequently shocked by the behaviour of the crew. Unable to quiet them, or to ensure the use of more acceptable language, he complained to the captain. He was sturdy, but, hampered by his timidity, he was unable to enforce respect from those who provoked him. This timidity was to be construed as pride when Thibault, feeling ill at ease with the employees, later refused the hospitality offered at the Hudson’s Bay Company’s trading posts. He arrived at Saint-Boniface in June 1833, and began to study the Cree and Chippewa languages. On 8 September he was ordained priest by Bishop Joseph-Norbert Provencher.

Two years later, in the bishop’s absence, Thibault showed himself to be a wise and skilful administrator of the western missions. The building of the cathedral at Saint-Boniface progressed, and the yield from the farm belonging to the mission increased. Thibault proved to be a good preacher, without being too verbose. Above all, he was good at expounding; this quality was appreciated by Bishop Provencher, who considered that Christianity should be brought to the Indians by persuasion, and not “in the Protestant fashion” by gifts. In such a manner the ministers of the different faiths accused each other of trading in souls.

In 1842, therefore, at the request of the Indians and Métis, Bishop Provencher sent Thibault as a missionary across the prairies to the Rocky Mountains. The bishop made this decision unknown to the HBC, which had refused to approve his plan; Thibault, however, met the preference of the company for Canadian rather than French missionaries. His first journey lasted six months, during which, prudently, he travelled on horseback across the plains as far as Edmonton House – the first Catholic or Protestant missionary to adopt this form of transportation. Delighted with the politeness and cordial welcome extended to him by the commandants of the company’s forts, he preached the gospel to all the Canadiens, Indians, and Métis who came to him. He welcomed the Blackfeet, whom he described thus: “These Indians . . . are very clean, and very well-disposed towards the whites; but their number, their warlike qualities, and particularly their rapacity make them the terror of their redskin enemies. They have only a very imperfect idea of the divinity.” This journey, the prelude to the diffusion of Catholicism throughout the American northwest, bore fruit: Thibault conducted 353 baptisms and celebrated 20 marriages, in addition to acquiring a better knowledge of the religious needs of this vast region.

For 10 years the missionary worked discreetly, without displaying excessive zeal, and visited the meeting-places of the Indians and Métis. Thibault was probably the first Catholic missionary to make his way to several of the HBC posts and to several places where the Oblates were later to establish missions [see Eynard; Reynard]. However, only one foundation is acknowledged unanimously as his, the Lake St Anne mission. Crees were accustomed to stay in this spot, which they called Devil’s Lake; Thibault substituted the name of St Anne. He stayed there in 1842 and 1843, but it was only in the summer of 1844 that a house was built for the missionary.

In 1852, acting on Thibault’s request to return to Quebec, Bishop Provencher recalled him to Red River. When Thibault reached Saint-Boniface, however, Provencher asked him to stay there, as there was no one to minister to the region. Thibault did so, and did not return to the diocese of Quebec until 1868.

While at Quebec in the autumn of 1869, Thibault was visited by Hector-Louis Langevin, who asked him to go to Red River as a representative of the Canadian government. Thibault was believed to have a great influence over the Métis. Some of them had just refused to allow William McDougall, who had been appointed lieutenant governor of the North-West Territories by the Canadian government, to enter the settlement. By this action the Métis and their leader, Louis Riel, meant to force the federal government to negotiate with them the terms of their union with Canada. Conjointly with Charles-René-Léonidas d’Irumberry de Salaberry, Thibault was to reassure them that Ottawa intended to respect their rights and not to treat them as a conquered people, and to convince them to lay down their arms [see Sir John Young]. A third delegate, Donald Alexander Smith, was for his part to set at rest the minds of the company’s directors, and to discuss with all “the people of Red River” the conditions of their entry into the dominion. The prime minister, John A. Macdonald, judging Thibault to be “a sensible old French Canadian” and “a shrewd and at the same time a kindly old gentleman,” was of the opinion that, if he accomplished nothing in particular, at least he would not commit any blunders since he knew the region and supported the Canadian government. A reserved and prudent man, Thibault was content to remain in the background, and this was where circumstances kept him during his governmental mission.

Salaberry having remained at Pembina, Thibault, on 25 December, arrived in the west alone. By order of the recently proclaimed provisional government, Thibault was escorted to the bishop’s palace at Saint-Boniface, where he was kept under surveillance so that he would not meddle in political affairs. On 6 Jan. 1870 Louis Riel and his council received Thibault and also Salaberry, who had just arrived. “Immediately we communicated our instructions to the president [Riel] and his council,” Thibault recounted, “and they took them under consideration.” However, no comment was received, and four days later Thibault wrote to the provisional government to ask about the conditions required by the colony in the event of its union with Canada, “in order that we can submit them,” he said, “to the examination of the government that sent us.” The next day the council replied to him that the documents Thibault and Salaberry had submitted did not confer on them the necessary powers to conclude an agreement. On 13 January the council expressed this opinion to Thibault and Salaberry by word of mouth. According to the commissioner D. A. Smith, Thibault ceased to be useful from then on. In general, historians agree that he had no influence on the course of events. But Smith wrote that had it not been for the steps Thibault took during the night of 19–20 January, he himself would have succeeded in settling everything at this time. During that night, as Smith has it, Thibault contributed to a closing of the ranks of the demonstrators, who that day had held public meetings which Smith’s money and promises had managed to break up. Subsequently Riel’s position grew stronger, and he became formally president of the provisional government, whose bases were enlarged. Then delegates were sent to Ottawa to negotiate the entry of the Red River colony into confederation [see John Black]. Was Thibault partly responsible for this sudden change? In his report, he said that he had had “to reason with the leaders, and with the people; always, however, by conversations with single individuals, as that seemed to me the best . . . way of effecting any good result.”

Thibault stayed two more years at Red River, ministering to the parish of Saint-François-Xavier; then in 1871 he accepted the post of vicar general of the diocese. The following autumn he returned to the east for good, and was successively in charge of the parishes of Sainte-Louise (L’Islet County) and Saint-Denis-de-la-Bouteillerie.

Jean-Baptist is our 4th cousin 5x removed.

November 16, 2010

Jacques Anatole Francois Thibault (Anatole France)

Born: 16-Apr-1844

Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: 13-Oct-1924

Anatole France, pseudonym for Jacques Anatole Thibault (1844-1924), was the son of a Paris book dealer.  He was French poet, journalist, and novelist.   Born in Paris he died in Saint-Cyr-sur-Loire. He was a successful novelist, with several best-sellers. Ironic and skeptical, he was considered in his day the ideal French man of letters. He was a member of the Académie française, and won the Nobel Prize for Literature.

Anatole France began his career as a poet and a journalist. In 1869, Le Parnasse Contemporain published one of his poems, La Part de Madeleine. In 1875, he sat on the committee which was in charge of the third Parnasse Contemporain compilation. He moved Paul Verlaine and Mallarmé aside of this Parnasse. As a journalist, from 1867, he wrote a lot of articles and notices. He became famous with the novel Le Crime de Sylvestre Bonnard (1881). Its protagonist, skeptical old scholar Sylvester Bonnard, embodied France's own personality. The novel was praised for its elegant prose and won him a prize from the French Academy. In La Rotisserie de la Reine Pedauque (1893) Anatole France ridiculed belief in the occult; and in Les Opinions de Jerome Coignard (1893), France captured the atmosphere of the fin de siècle.

He was elected to the Académie française in 1896.

France took an important part in the Dreyfus Affair. He signed Emile Zola's manifesto supporting Dreyfus, a Jewish army officer who had been falsely convicted of espionage. France wrote about the affair in his 1901 novel Monsieur Bergeret.

France's later works include L'Île des Pingouins (1908) which satirizes human nature by depicting the transformation of penguins into humans - after the animals have been baptized in error by the nearsighted Abbot Mael. La Revolte des Anges (1914) is often considered France's most profound novel. It tells the story of Arcade, the guardian angel of Maurice d'Esparvieu. Arcade falls in love, joins the revolutionary movement of angels, and towards the end realizes that the overthrow of God is meaningless unless "in ourselves and in ourselves alone we attack and destroy Ialdabaoth."

In 1922, France's entire works were put on the Index Librorum Prohibitorum (Prohibited Books Index) of the Roman Catholic Church.[2] This Index was abolished in 1966.

October 7, 2010

Thibault Fire Trucks

Contributed by Marilyn Thibault
The history of the Canadian fire truck industry and the name Thibault go hand in hand. From humble beginnings in rural Quebec, the Thibault family created a dynasty in fire truck manufacture in the province. Although Pierre Thibault Fire Trucks is no longer in operation today, the name Thibault is still found throughout fire departments across Canada and around the world.

In 1908, Charles Thibault started building hand pumps in Saint-Robert Quebec. After a few years, he moved his operation to the nearby city of Sorel, where he built a variety of horse-drawn apparatus, some mounted on sleighs for winter use in small communities in Quebec. In 1918, he built his first motorised unit, a Ford for Campbellton, New Brunswick. The twenties were apparently a quiet time for the company and the Great Depression didn't help matters. In 1938, Charles' son Pierre took over the operation and moved it to Pierreville, Quebec.

During the Second World War, the company was extremely busy building crash tenders, trailer pumps and hose fittings for the Canadian government. After the war ended, the company expanded its efforts in selling fire trucks to municipalities. It started building its own line of pumps, similar to Hale pumps. In 1950, Thibault introduced a custom chassis (known as the WIT - likely an acronym) and the first unit, a pumper, was sold to Valleyfield, Quebec. A cab-forward version (the AWIT - the "A" may stand for "avant," French for "forward") came in 1957 or 1958. In 1960, an aerial ladder was introduced. In a 1963 ad, Thibault boasted of the strength of its aerial by hanging a sling containing a Volkswagen Beetle from the tip. Fire departments appreciated this feature and this new product became very popular. In addition to aerial trucks built by the company in Pierreville, many aerial assemblies were supplied to American builders where they became part of new ladder trucks for communities large and small. For many years, Thibault was one of the few, if not only, Canadian company that could claim the complete manufacture of vehicles from start to finish - pumps, chassis and aerial ladders. Most Canadian apparatus manufacturers tend to assemble components purchased elsewhere. By the end of the 1950s, Thibault apparatus was spread across Canada. The 60s saw considerable expansion into the U.S. market and some sales in the Caribbean and Latin America.
We are related to these Thibault's through Guillaume Thibault and  Marie-Madeleine Lefrancois,  ancestors of Delia Beaulieu.

September 10, 2010

Le Grand Dérangement

In 1755, almost 10,000 French settlers were expelled from the Acadia area of Canada because they refused to take an oath of allegiance to the British government. I do not know if any of these people were our ancestors but I do know that many of the names involved are in our tree. 

This area, it seems, had been in conflict from the day it was born, passing back and forth between France and England. Here the French catholic immigrants settled and, despite a lack of farming experience, flourished. The soil was rich, the summers warm, and crops grew. These people had a distinct culture and language.

When the area again came under British rule, the government looked closely at these people. They were of French descent and Catholic. Where would their allegiance lie in times of war? It was decided to demand an oath of allegiance to Britain.  The Acadians objected and the government, at that time, didn't enforce it, and for some time the issue was forgotten, at least by the French.

In 1755, Britain again looked to Acadia. The French population, with no oath of allegiance, had rapidly expanded and, to make matters worse, the Native population, especially the Huron, sided with the French.   Again, the government demanded that the oath of allegiance be signed by the French settlers, and this time the law had grown teeth. Those who did not sign would be expelled from the country.

Many, happy with their lives and the good living they had in the New World, did sign the oath hoping that there would never be a reason it would be in effect. Others fled to other parts of Canada.  For those who refused to sign, expulsion was the answer. They were loaded onto ships and sailed out of the country. This was a time of real hardship. Families were split up, possessions had to be left behind, and, worst of all, they were sailing off to unfamiliar territory.  Some returned to France. Many settled in the New England States.  About 300 Acadians settled in Louisiana which already had a large French population.   A few, for some strange reason, sailed to England. Homes and crops left behind were burned to the ground. This was to discourage any hopes the people might have of returning. There was nothing left to return to; however, some did return.

Additional readings:

Acadia and the Acadians
The Acadian Expulsion

In Literature - Evangeline

This lengthy narrative poem by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow is based on a tale of hearsay (which the poet heard from a friend of Hawthorne, who had it from an Acadian woman). It is told against the historical background of the British expulsion in 1755 of the French-speaking Acadians from their lands along the shores of the Bay of Fundy—le grand dérangement (as the Acadians still call it), which had to do with the end of a 150-year struggle between France and England for possession of what is now Nova Scotia. Evangeline tells the story of an Acadian girl who is separated from her betrothed at the time of the expulsion and wanders in search of him throughout the American Midwest and the Atlantic states, only to find him years later on his deathbed. After he dies in her arms, Evangeline too dies, released from a life of exile and steadfast loyalty that has received no reward on earth.

August 31, 2010

Hélène Desportes

Hélène Desportes is often cited as the first white child born in Canada, New France. There is considerable disagreement about when she was born and, in particular, if she was born in Quebec or before she arrived on the continent.  Her parents were French habitants Pierre Desportes (1580- after 1629), who was in charge of the warehouse in Quebec as well as the village baker, and his wife Françoise Langlois (c1595- after 1629), who settled in Quebec. Her father was a lawyer in the Parlement de Paris and an investor in the Company of 100 Associates which funded Champlain's colony.

Her godmother was Madame Hélène Boullé, the wife of Samuel de Champlain. In his will, Champlain left her 300 livres (about $15,000 in 1997).

After the fall of Québec City in 1629, Hélène and her parents, along with Champlain were transported to London, and then back to France. Shortly after peace was restored in 1632, Hélène returned to Québec, possibly with Champlain who arrived back in Québec on May 16, 1633.

On the first of October 1634, Hélène married Joseph Guillaume HÉBERT, son of Louis Hébert and Marie Rollet. Joseph's family had remained in Québec during the occupation and had the first farm there. His father LOUIS HEBERT had been involved in early expeditions to Port Royal with Champlain and others.

After Joseph Hebert died in 1639, Hélène was left with three living children one of which, Marie-Francoise Hebert, was our decendant. Hélène  then married Noël Morin, a native of the parish of St-Étienne in Brie-Comte-Robert, a village near Paris, on January 9, 1640, in Quebec City. They had 12 children, we are decendant of their daughter Agnes Morin.

Perhaps aided by having personally brought 19 of her own children into the world, Hélène learned the profession of sage femme, which is the French expression for midwife. She passed that profession on to two of her daughters.

August 15, 2010

Catherine Baillon: A Royal Connection

Catherine Baillon was the daughter of Alphonse de Baillon, Sieur de Valence et de la Mascotterie, and Louise de Marle. She was born around 1645, probably near Montfort-l'Amaury, Île-de-France, outside of Paris. Her parents were members of the minor French nobility. She came to New France around 1669 as a Fille du Roi and married Jacques Miville dit Deschênes on 12 November 1669 at Québec City. Together they had six children. Both Jacques and Catherine died on 27 January 1688 at Rivière-Ouelle, and it is likely they were victims of the smallpox epidemic that struck Québec in 1687.

Catherine Baillon's descent from King Philippe II Auguste of France (a descendant of Charlemagne and wife Hildegard) has been carefully researched in original sources by four genealogists who are well-known for their past accurate and well-documented works: René Jetté, John P. DuLong, Roland-Yves Gagné, and Gail F. Moreau.

Thousands of descendants of French-Canadian ancestors are able to claim royal blood by way of descent from Catherine Baillon.  We are one of them.

Charlemagne 747-814
Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 800-814

Pepin I (Karlmann) 777-810 (mother Hildegard)
King of Italy 781-810

Bernhard I 797- 818 (illegitimate son of Karlmann)
King of Italy 813-817

Pepin (mother Cunigunda)
Comte de Senlis, Peronne and St.Quintin

Heribert I 850- 900 (mother unknown)
Comte de Vermandois

Heribert II 879- 943 (mother Bertha de Morvois)
Comte de Meaux, Soissons et Vermandois

Adela de Vermandois (mother Hildebrante of France)
910- 960

Baudouin III  940- 962 (father Arnulf I, Count of Flanders) 
Count of Flanders

Arnulf II 961- 987 (mother Mathilde Billung of Saxony)
Count of Flanders 973-987

Baudouin IV 980-1035 (mother Rozala of Lombardy/Italy)
Count of Flanders 987-1035

Baudouin V 1012-1067 (mother Ogive of Luxembourg)
Count of Flanders 1035-1067

Matilda of Flanders (mother Adèle of France)
m. William the Conqueror 1031-1083  

Adela of Normandy (father William the Conqueror)

Theobald  IV-II 1085-1152 (father Stephen II, Count of Blois)
Comte de Blois et Chartres et Champagne                                             Count of Blois and of Chartres as Theobald IV from 1102 and was Count of Champagne and of Brie as Theobald II from 1125.

Alix de Blois also known as Adèle of Champagne (mother Matilda of Carinthia) 1140-1206 m. Louis VII of France (3rd wife)
Regent of France

Philippe II August 1165-1223 (father Louis VII)
King of France 1180-1223

Marie de France (mother Agnes de Merania)

Elisabeth of Brabant ( father Henry I, Duke of Brabant)

Mechtild von Kleef  (father Thierry de CLEVES)

Marguerite de Luxembourg (father Gerhard III von LUXEMBURG)

Jean IV de Ghistelles (father Jean III de GHISTELLES)

Roger de Ghistelles (mother possibly Marie van HAVESKERKE)Seigneur de Dudzeele et de Straten

Isabella de Ghistelles (mother Marie van HAVESKERKE)

Catherine de Gavre (father Arnold VI van GAVRE )Dame de La Boissiere et de Vaux-sur-Orge

Guy II Le Bouteiller (father Guy I Le Bouteiller , Seigneur de la Bouteillieur)
Seigneur de La Bouteillerie et de La Roche-Guyon

Jean Le Bouteiller (mother Isabelle Morhier)
Seigneur de La Bouteillerie, de Vaux-sur-Orge

Bénigne Le Bouteiller (mother Marie De Venois)
Dame de La Boissière

Miles Maillard (fatherJacques De Maillard)
Seigneur du Breuil et de La Broissière

Renée de Maillard (mother Marie Morant)

Alphonse Baillon (father Adam Baillon)
Seigneur de La Mascotterie, des Enclaves et de Valence en

Catherine Baillon (mother Louise De Marle) m. Jacques Miville Deschenes

Jean Miville dit Deschênes m. Marie Dube

Angélique Miville dit Deschênes  m. Mathurine Berube

Joseph Bérubé m. Marie-Angelique Thibault (decendant of Guilliaume Thibault)

Therese Bérubé m. Charles Beaupre

Pierre Beaupre m. Theotiste Boucher

Pierre Beaupre m. Helene Castonguay

Georgina Beaupre m. Amable Beaulieu

Delia Beaulieu m. Magloire Thibault

Joseph John Thibault m. Mary O'Neil

Joseph John Thibault m. Helen

August 9, 2010

One World Tree

One World Tree is a beta project of  OneWorldTree gathers family trees and family history records for millions of people, analyzes the birth, death and marriage data and then displays the most probable matches for your ancestors.  I've been playing a bit with this and discovered Fabien Thibault has been entered into the tree.  I've found probable matches with the following:

Five First Ladies (not including already knowing we are related to Hillary Rodham Clinton)

  Margaret Mackall Smith Taylor was the wife of President Zachary Taylor
  Martha Jefferson was married to U.S. President Thomas Jefferson
  Elizabeth Kortright Monroe was the wife of President James Monroe
  Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis was the wife of President John F. Kennedy
  Laura Bush was the wife of George W. Bush

Several writers
  Alexandre Dumas
  Rudyard Kipling
  Aldous Huxley
  T.S. Elliot (we are most definitely 6th cousin 4 times removed from Fabien)
  Jack Kerouac (3rd cousin 3 times removed from Fabien)
  Mary Flannery O'Connor (really very very distant)

A few of inventors

  Robert H. Goddard, the father of modern rocketry
  Louis Pasteur is famous for "pasteurization," a means of preventing milk from going sour (how appropriate)
  Gottlieb Daimler designed and patented the prototype for the modern gas engine.
  William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, was an Irish Scottish mathematician and scientist known for his contributions to the studies of thermodynamics and electricity.

A signer of the Constitution
  Robert Morris   Pennsylvania Representative and 26th Great Grandfather of Fabien (maybe)
  Prior to signing The Declaration of Independence, The Constitution, and The Articles of Confederation;  
  Robert Morris borrowed money to pay Washington's troops during the Revolutionary War. 
Some Actors
  John Wayne
  Marlon Brando
  James Dean
  Joan Crawford
Military Heroes
  Joan of Arc

and Royalty
 Phillip the Good Duke of Burgundy (July 31, 1396 – June 15, 1467)
Many of these are questionable because of missing people in between supposed links and questionable linkage at best, but others are more reliable because I can trace them in our tree.